An Ankle sprain is a broad term used to describe a soft tissue (not involving bone) injury to the ankle, most commonly on the outside of the ankle. The classic ankle sprain involves turning over on the outside of the ankle. Ankle sprains are the most common sports related injury. Certain sports which involve jumping, such as basketball and volleyball are more likely to cause an ankle sprain. Sports that protect the ankle such as skiing have a much less likelihood of injury.
Ankle sprains can be classified as grade 1, grade 2, or grade 3, depending on the severity of injury. In all ankle sprains the ligaments that normally protect the outside of the ankle have been affected, from a mild stretching (grade1), to complete rupture (grade 3). Diagnosis as to the severity of the injury is done via history and physical examination. In severe injuries MRI studies are sometimes necessary.
Treatment depends on the severity of the injury. In many injuries immobilization via a brace or compression boot is often utilized with medication to control pain and swelling. After the healing process has begun, physical therapy to strengthen the site is sometimes helpful. More severe injuries may require casting with crutches, or surgical repair. Regardless of the treatment required, most of the patients treated for ankle ligament injury return to full and active lifestyles.
Drs. Subik and Notari treat Ankle injuries at the Emergency Rooms at St. Mary’s Hospital and Hackensack University Medical Center. If you suffer an Ankle injury and wish to be treated by us, either call the office or request that the Emergency Room staff contact us to treat you.
Dr. Notari is Board Certified in Foot and Ankle Surgery. Dr. Subik is Board Certified in Foot, Ankle and Reconstructive Surgery of the Foot.